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گت بلاگز Internet Investigation of anti-asthmatic potential of dried fruits of Vitis vinifera L. in animal model of bronchial asthma / دانلود فایل

مشخصات کلی Investigation of anti-asthmatic potential of dried fruits of Vitis vinifera L. in animal model of bronchial asthma

نویسنده کتاب (Author):

Arora, Poonam; Ansari, S.; Najmi, Abul; Anjum, Varisha; Ahmad, Sayeed

انتشارات (Publisher):

BioMed Central Ltd. 2016-08-17

ویرایش و نوع فایل (Edition/Format):

 Downloadable article : English

منبع (Database):

WorldCat

عنوان ژورنال (Publication):

BioMed Central Ltd.

موضوع (Subject):

Vitis vinifera, Allergen, Bronchial asthma, Lung function, Histamine      

توضیحات خلاصه (Summary):

Abstract Background Fruits of Vitis vinifera L., commonly known as grapes, are largely consumed worldwide because of their high nutritional and medicinal benefits. Context and purpose The present study investigated effects of V. vinifera fruits in ovalbumin-induced animal model of bronchial asthma. Methods Male wistar rats (except group 1) were sensitized with allergen (ovalbumin, 40 mg/rat + aluminum hydroxide, 2 mg/rat). Groups of sensitized animals were treated orally with either vehicle (0.4 mL/kg), standard dexamethasone (2.5 mg/kg) or alcoholic extract of V. vinifera dried fruits (31 and 42.5 mg/kg) from day 1 to 28 ( n  = 6 for all groups). Inflammatory markers including cell counts, cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, IL-1β, tumor necrosis factor, immunoglobulin E (IgE), leukotrienes and nitrite levels in both blood/serum and bronchoalveolar fluid were analysed. Breathing rate and tidal volume as lung function parameters were examined by spirometer. Lung tissues were studied for histamine content and histopathology. Results Treatment of sensitized animals with dexamethasone or two doses of V. vinifera fruits extract inhibited recruitment of inflammatory cytokines, IgE, nitrites and circulating cells particularly eosinophils in blood/serum and bronchoalveolar fluid ( p  < 0.001, p  < 0.01 and p  < 0.05). Dexamethasone and V. vinifera fruits extract treatment also normalized lung functions and histamine levels compared to ovalbumin-sensitized controls ( p  < 0.05 and p  < 0.01). Moreover, both drugs exhibited protection against airway inflammation in lung histology. Conclusion Results of study demonstrate the effectiveness of V. vinifera fruits in allergic asthma possibly related to its ability to inhibit cellular response and subsequent production of inflammatory cytokines.  Read more…

ژانر / فرم:Research

موضوع:Internet resource

نوع منبع:Internet Resource, Article

تمام نویسندگان / همکاران: Arora, Poonam; Ansari, S.; Najmi, Abul; Anjum, Varisha; Ahmad, Sayeed

شناسه OCLC:979265132

Language Note:English

نویسنده : getblogs